GUIDANCE AND DISCIPLINE AND CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT
The guidance objective of all Little Unicorn Academy staff is to help children acquire the skills they need to resolve conflicts:
● in socially acceptable ways
● to the child’s own satisfaction; and
● without the loss of pride.
We strive to facilitate children's development of self-control , self-confidence, and ultimately self-discipline . To this end we actively encourage verbal e-xpression of feelings and assertion of felt needs. Hitting ,biting and other forms of both physical and verbal abuse are not permitted.
Staff employ guidance techniques based on the Ministry of Health booklet “Guidance & Discipline with Young Children”.
Specifically, fighting children are separated, encourage to explain what happened according to each of their perceptions of the conflict, and to express their feelings about it to each other. A child who is still angry and unable to accept the resolution of the conflict is removed from the area of the fight and redirected to play in another area.
With the effective guidance and discipline strategies we focus on the development of the child. We also help preserve the child`s self-esteem and dignity. Actions that insult or belittle are likely to cause children to view their parents and other caregivers negatively, which can inhibit learning and can teach the child to be unkind to others. However, actions that acknowledge the child`s efforts and progress, no matter how slow or small, are likely to encourage healthy development.
Teaching children self-discipline is a demanding task. It requires patience, thoughtful attention, cooperation and a good understanding of the child, It also requires knowledge of one's own strengths and struggles with disciplinary issues.
Child misbehavior is impossible to prevent completely. Children, usually curious and endlessly creative, are likely to do things parents and educators have not expected. However, there are many positive steps Little Unicorn Academy teachers take to help prevent misbehavior.
● Set clear, consistent rules.
● Make certain the environment is safe and worry-free.
● Show interest in the child`s activities.
● Provide appropriate and engaging playthings.
● Encourage self-control by providing meaningful meaningful choices.
● Focus on the desired behaviour , rather than the one to be avoided.
● Build children's images of themselves as trustworthy, responsible and cooperative.
● Expect the best from the child.
● Give clear directions, one at a time.
● Say “Yes” whenever possible.
● Notice and pay attention to children when they do things right.
● Take action before a situation gets out of control.
● Encourage children often and generously.
● Set a good example.
● Help children see how their actions affect others.
Possible reasons children misbehave
By understanding why children misbehave, we can be more successful at reducing behavior problems. Listed here are some of the possible reasons why we believe children misbehave:
● They want to test whether caregivers will enforce rules.
● They experience different sets of expectations between school and home.
● They do not understand the rules, or are held to expectations that are beyond their developmental levels.
● They want to assert themselves and their independence.
● They feel ill, bored, hungry or sleepy.
● They lack accurate information and prior experience.
● They have been previously “rewarded” for their misbehaviour with adult attention.
● They copy the actions of their patents.
Responding to misbehavior
Here are five strategies we often we often use at the centre to respond to child misbehavior. We make sure, however, that the rules are explained fully and clearly understood before misbehavior occurs. Whenever possible, we involve children in making the rules for the classroom.
Allowing children to experience the consequences of their behavior is also called learning the hard way.
These are structured consequences that follow specific misbehaviors. The child should be able to see how the behavior and the consequence are directly related.
If children damage something, they need to help in fixing it or in cleaning up. If they cause someone distress, they should help in relieving that.
Time Away from the Group
During this time, children are required to spend time alone in a specific place that has few, if any, rewarding characteristics. This strategy gives the child a chance to reflect quietly on her or his behavior away from others. When giving time away appropriate.
This strategy can work when you notice that a child is not following the rules and is being uncooperative. Quickly get the child 's attention and introduce another activity.